Uric Acid Build Up

uric acid build upThe body metabolizes purines to form uric acid, which is then excreted. Gout patients are either unable to eliminate all of the uric acid or their bodies form too much of the compound. As a result, uric acid levels become very high, and uric acid crystals lodge in joints. Symptoms of gout include intense joint pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in joints. The Mayo Clinic indicates that drinking lots of water and eating a diet low in purine-rich foods may help gout patients avoid painful attacks. Consult a doctor to develop a diet that is appropriate for your situation.


Organ meats, such as liver, heart and kidney, are very high in purines. Beef liver, for example, contains more than 286 mg of purine in 100 g and beef kidney contains more than 230 mg in an equal amount. In comparison, a low purine food such as cooked rice provides only 6 mg of purines per 100 g.


Certain types of fish and seafood are also very rich in purines. Oily fish, such as sardines, anchovies, salmon and mackerel are good examples. A 100 g serving of sardines contains almost 350 mg of purines and an equal amount of salmon provides 250 mg. Some shellfish such as clams are moderately rich in purines; 100 g of clams contains about 135 mg of purines.


Vegetables that are legumes are also purine-rich. Examples are black-eyed peas with 230 mg in a 100 g serving, lentils with 220 mg and split peas with 195 mg. Other beans, however, are much lower in purines. These include garbanzo beans with 56 mg purines in 100 g.